Matthew was written to explain Jesus’ role as the promised sovereign king who brings about God’s Kingdom. Having read and believed in Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross, it is easy for us to acknowledge Jesus as King and Saviour. However, it was important for the author of Matthew to start with the genealogy of Jesus to persuade the original audience of this book regarding Jesus.
Through Jesus’ genealogy, the author made conscious effort to show the connection between Jesus to both Abraham and David. This was to indicate that God’s promises to them both would be fulfilled through Jesus.
“And I will make of you a great nation,
and I will bless you and make your name great,
so that you will be a blessing.”
This was God’s promise to Abraham; that the nations would be blessed through his “offspring” (Genesis 12:18), who is none other than Jesus.
“When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers,
I will raise up your offspring after you,
who shall come from your body,
and I will establish his kingdom.
He shall build a house for my name,
and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.”
2 Samuel 7:12-13
Because of this promise that the Lord gave to King David, people had definite hopes on a King to make Israel great again.
As we can see, the genealogy of Jesus is much more than just a long list of names or a historical record. It presents Jesus Christ as the climatic fulfillment of God’s promises of a coming king and a new reign.
JESUS CHRIST SAVES
“Jesus” means “The Lord is Salvation”.
“Christ” means “The Anointed One”.
In the olden days, names were given with a hope that it would be an accurate representation of a person. This was also why names were taken with utmost seriousness. Of course, we are not God and we have no way of ensuring that the child would grow to be as his name describes.
On the other hand, the sovereign and truthful Lord has the absolute right and power to ensure that the names he gives are sure indicators one’s character and destiny. The Lord gave the name “Jesus Christ” to His son. It is a proclamation to the nations that His son is the one anointed with God’s power to save us all.
JESUS CHRIST SAVES SINNERS
One might think that the lineage of Jesus is made up of glamorous, righteous and moral individuals; those worthy to be of royalty. However, the genealogy of Jesus tells us otherwise.
Ahaz (v9) worshiped the pagan Gods and practiced human sacrifice. Rehobam (v7) and Jeconiah (v11) were just as bad. There was also Manasseh (v10) who “did more evil than the nations”; he promoted the worship of idols and murdered the innocent so much so that the Lord drove him out of Canaan (2 Kings 21:9-18) Half of the Kings in the genealogy were truly wicked!
Towards the end at v.12, we see that Israel was suffering the consequences of sin – Jesus’ family lost their kingship and their wealth, having to deport elsewhere.
Jesus’ own people, His own family needed Him to save them from their sins! Jesus came not because mankind’s righteousness, but in spite of our sinfulness. Jesus came for (and through) the sinful, that we might be saved.
JESUS CHRIST SAVES BOTH JEWS & GENTILES
Jesus came not only for (and through) the sinful – He also came for (and through) the ethnically diverse. In the genealogy, the author of Matthew makes it clear that Jesus came through both Jews and Gentiles and will save both Jews and Gentiles.
Abraham was pagan; a Gentile until God called him and brought him into the covenant. God chose Abraham to establish his people, Israel, through His promise in Genesis 12:2.
Three out of four women listed in the genealogy were known prostitutes or adulteresses, and they were Gentiles. Rahab (v5) was a Canaanite from Jericho; Ruth (v5) was a Moabite; Bathsheba (v6) married a Hittite and was probably one herself.
Jesus had Gentiles in His family line!
What has it got to do with me?
Perhaps we need to remember that most of us are Gentiles, not Israelites – we were outsiders, not insiders. We were not God’s people (Israelites) at the start, and there was no reason for Jesus to die for mankind – not to mention Gentiles! Jesus’ death on the cross is so that we, the Gentiles could also be part of God’s family alongside all who believe. We are saved by God’s sovereign grace which extends to all sinners – through all nations! And therefore Matthew ends with the Great Commission:
“And Jesus came and said to them,
“All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.
Go therefore and make disciples of all nations,
baptizing them in the name of the
Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you.
And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”
Therefore, as receivers of His sovereign grace and magnificent gift of salvation, let us be messengers of it as well!
While reading and studying the book of Matthew, let us give glory to our Lord Jesus Christ – the promised sovereign king that brings about God’s Kingdom which we all long for.
Joseph’s Trust and Obedience
Young Joseph had probably been looking forward to his wedding day, when he can finally marry Mary and build a godly family together with her. How confused, sad and shocked Joseph must have been when he found Mary, whom he loved, with a child! Could it be that she had an affair with another man? Was she not as pure and godly as he thought her to be all this time?
According to the law, the woman, if found to be in adultery, may face the punishment of being stoned to death in public. In those days, a betrothal is considered a legal engagement, and would last for about a year before marriage, even though the marriage has not been consummated. As Mary appeared to have conceived a child in adultery, she would possibly face death by stoning according to the law if Joseph had brought her out in public (Deut 22:13-21).
Joseph is a righteous man, and is well aware of the OT laws regarding sexual immorality. He would have struggled to make a decision as he sought to obey God through His law. Joseph eventually resolved to divorce Mary, but he remained compassionate towards her – the divorce would be done quietly (v19).
What Joseph did not know was that the child whom Mary was carrying was supernaturally conceived by the Holy Spirit in her womb (v18). Before he could actually carry out his decision, God sent an angel to reveal to him in a dream to take Mary as his wife. The angel also sent word from God that the baby she was carrying was conceived by the Holy Spirit. Joseph was to name the baby boy Jesus, as he was the one the prophets have spoken about (v20-23).
Joseph woke up from his sleep, and we know from Matthew that he simply trusted and obeyed the angel’s commands without any doubt (v24-25). Joseph could have only been able to obey these seemingly radical commands by faith. Joseph was firmly persuaded that God is indeed with His people to save, and did not fear what people might think or say.
God used Joseph’s obedience to fulfill what He has spoken through the prophets of old. Jesus now became the legally adopted son of Joseph in the line of David, but not begotten of Joseph in the flesh. The birth of Jesus to the adoptive father Joseph and the virgin mother Mary validates both his legal right and supernatural heredity respectively as heir to David’s throne.
Jesus’ Obedience and Mission
Matthew shows us that Jesus was born into a world of sin in need of salvation. The name “Jesus” means “the Lord saves” and comes from the Hebrew name “Joshua”. At that time when Jesus was born, there were many other boys named Joshua (or in Greek, Jesus). However, Jesus was also called “the Christ”. The word Christ means “Anointed” and is the Greek equivalent of “Messiah” – this is his official title. In addition, “Immanuel” (v23) describes who he is – “God with us”, in person (Is 7:14, 8:8).
These names allude to who Jesus is, and point to his mission in entering the world (v21): God is present with us through the exact representation of Himself in Jesus (Heb 1:3), and now speaks to us through His Son (Heb 1:2). Through Jesus Christ’s perfect obedience, the Son of God himself entered human history and became the Son of David. God’s presence is now made flesh among His people to purify them from their sins.
Jesus fulfills all of God’s laws with every inch of his being – his earthly ministry culminated in his obedience to death on the cross (Php2:6-8). By the sheer grace of God, Jesus bore the fearful wrath of God on our behalf. We have been redeemed from our sins through Christ’s perfect sacrifice, once and for all (Heb 10:12). Jesus is therefore worthy of our worship, because there is no other like Him who can redeem us from sin through perfect obedience to God.
“For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.” – Romans 5:19
Obedience: A Fruit of Faith
A truly regenerate person is continually transformed by the Holy Spirit, and perseveres in obedience to the commandments revealed by God through His Word (Jn 3:16). Jesus himself said that if his disciples love him, they will obey his commandments (Jn 14:15). No one who has genuine faith in Christ will keep on sinning (1 Jn 3:9; Heb 10:26). A truly regenerate person is continually transformed by the Holy Spirit, and perseveres in obedience to the commandments revealed by God through His Word (Jn 3:16; Heb 8:10-12).
“And to whom did he swear that they would not enter his rest, but to those who were disobedient?” – Hebrews 3:18
Obedience is not merely an external conformity of behavior (think of the Pharisees whom Jesus rebuked). A heart of disobedience refuses to submit to God. It is like a child who hates his father – he will either willfully ignore his father’s words, or worse, actively act in rebellion by doing the exact opposite just to make him angry.
King Ahaz (v9) was an example of a wicked king who willfully disobeyed God. Isaiah the prophet had brought news to Ahaz that God would deliver His people, but Ahaz refused to listen. He did not believe that the Lord would deliver him. Instead of seeking the Lord’s help in the face of threats from foreign nations, he turned away and sought the help of the Assyrian king (Isaiah 7).
On the contrary, a child who truly loves his father will not repeatedly do something knowing that it makes his father angry, but will gladly do whatever pleases his father out of pure affection. In the same way, a maturing believer with a Spirit-transformed conscience knows that his sins are an assault to God’s holiness. As a result, he will do all he can to obey God, resolving to fight his sinful ways and turn from the evil desires which he used to live by. His motivation for doing so is because he desires to worship and obey God more than he loves the deceitful pleasures of sin (1 Pet 1:14-16). A life of obedience to God’s commands is the fruit of genuine faith.
“Whoever says “I know him” but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him, but whoever keeps his word, in him truly the love of God is perfected. By this we may know that we are in him: whoever says he abides in him ought to walk in the same way in which he walked.” – 1 John 2:4-6
Do we submit to the authority of God’s word (2 Tim 3:16-17)? Do we continue in Christian fellowship (1 Jn 2:19)? Do we give to a brother or sister in need (1 Jn 3:17)? Do we truly love one another, to even lay down our lives for each other (1 Jn 3:14, 16)? Do we correct disobedience amongst ourselves in church by demolishing wrong thinking and subjecting our thoughts to Christ (2 Cor 10:5)? These are but some areas according to God’s revealed will which we can examine ourselves to see if we are indeed bearing fruit in our faith.
God’s purposes were fulfilled through the perfect obedience of His Son Jesus, and the obedience of His people – Joseph and Mary! The obedience of God’s people by faith in this present age will continue to glorify Him and fulfill His purposes, until Christ returns again. Until then, let us persevere in His commandments. May the Lord strengthen our faith in Him – that we may increasingly bear fruit in keeping with repentance (Matt 3:8), and worship him in Spirit and in truth (Jn 4:24).
“Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.” – Philippians 2:12-13
The promised Messiah had come - the true king of the Jews. And of all people, the leaders of Jerusalem would have been in the best position to know of His coming. However, we are taken by surprise when the first political leaders who paid tribute to the king of the Jews were not even Jews - they were pagan wise men from a distant country.
Their job was to search and interpret the stars for heavenly signs for the royal court. It was through that pagan practice that they found out about the birth of the king of the Jews. Ironically, Herod and his officials had no clue the Messiah had even come, although they had the Scriptures!
As we examine the meeting between Herod and the wise men, we see two contrasting responses to the news of the birth of the King. What did their responses reveal about each party, and what do our own responses to God’s good news tell us about our own characters?
Reverence vs arrogance
To the wise men, they saw a great king worthy of worship. This King was worthy enough for them to prepare the entourage and costly goods required for such a long journey, even though he was not even the king of their own people (v 1)!
On the other hand, Herod was more concerned about his own political power. Herod would not give up his position to anyone, not even the true king of the Jews promised in all Scripture. The possible threat of losing his earthly throne deeply troubled Herod. A more accurate translation reads, "he was greatly agitated".
The wise men revered the true king with much sincerity. They took great effort to come from a faraway land to pay their tribute. This contrasts with the arrogance of Herod, who thought himself more worthy of the title “king of the Jews” and thought nothing of the true king of the Jews.
“He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him.”
Faith vs unbelief
Herod heard the news of a lifetime, but he didn’t think much of it. He expressed false “desire” to worship the Messiah king (v 8), but it did not lead to any action on his part. He did not even bother to search for the Messiah king himself, but instead got pagans to do it for him.
The wise men, on the other hand, did not wait around for the Messiah king to reveal himself. As soon as Herod gave his instructions, they immediately left to search for the Messiah king (v 9).
True faith will lead to active worship. No one can say that he truly worships God but yet sits around without responding. As the author of James puts it, “Faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead.” (Jas 2:17) Worship is the natural outcome of faith, therefore faith cannot just remain as a mental state of belief, but is fully expressed in active worship.
The lack of faith is often passive. There is no personal desire to seek after God to worship. We brush aside God's word as foolish and irrelevant, and we do not study it rigorously. We see this after Paul preached the gospel in the Areopagus: some mocked Paul, but there were some who said “We will hear you again about this.” (Acts 17:32). They did not even bother to investigate further the claims of Paul through further discussion.
Joy vs malice
The good news left Herod a bitter, malicious man. Many people rejoiced at the good news of the messiah king, but all Herod could think of was the threat of losing his power as king of the Jews. He only wanted to preserve his own power, no matter what it took. Herod’s evil ambitions resulted in the massacre of all males who were 2 years and younger in Bethlehem (v 16).
For the wise men, the good news of the Messiah’s coming left them only with joy. And not just any joy, but exceedingly great joy (v 10). Here was a group of people who had minimal knowledge of Jewish Scripture. But whatever knowledge they had, paired with faith, produced within them much joy. Their joy was made complete as they worshipped the child King Jesus and offered their kingly tributes to him (v 11).
The things of God vs the things of the world
Here we see two contrasting pictures: a man who desires the things of the world, and another who desires the things of God.
The man who desires the things of the world thinks highly only of himself. All his achievements are to his own credit and all his possessions belong only to him. He says to himself “All these things are mine because I worked hard for them, I don’t need God’s help.”
He does not think that “spiritual” things are important, and does not see any point in knowing more about it because to him they are just foolish. “Church and Bible stuff” are just good moral teachings to him, but ultimately he decides for himself which values are acceptable and which are not important.
When God’s demands for righteousness threaten his possessions, fame, power or way of living, this man is filled with bitterness and anger. Even when outwardly he looks like he is obeying God, inwardly he resents following God’s commands.
As for the man who desires the things of God, he recognises that Jesus is the true ruler of his life. He says to himself “All things ultimately belong to God. All that I am and all my possessions are only mine because they were given to me by God. They are for me to use for His purposes and glory.”
He understands that only God, and not himself, is worthy of worship and full obedience, so much so that nothing is too much effort when it comes to worshipping and obeying God. He actively participates in his own spiritual growth instead of just “leaving it to the church”.
God’s demands for righteousness only drive him to act in repentance and obedience with a sincere heart. He desires to live according to God’s commands in Scripture instead of insisting on his own values. Such faith and works only serve to produce great joy inwardly and true worship outwardly.
Which man are you?
Let us then examine ourselves with all honesty: which man are you? How do you think of your own achievements and possessions? Do the things of God even appeal to you and do you act on it? What are your attitudes towards Scripture, especially when it speaks against certain sins in your life, or even your way of living? Honest answers to these questions will reveal our true desires.
If we are found to desire the things of the world, it is never too late to turn away from such desires. The apostle John writes that whoever confesses his own sin, God is faithful and just to forgive that person (1 Jo 1:9). Confession involves a heartfelt, sincere understanding of the sin, resulting in the desire to turn away from it. The next step is to make all efforts to live in obedience to God’s commands, and God promises to work on our will and desires from within (Php 2:12-13).
If we find ourselves desiring the things of God, praise God! Let us then strive to build up the body of Christ by guiding, correcting and encouraging other fellow brothers and sisters in Christ to desire and obey the ways of the Lord (Eph 4:15-16).
As we continue to grow in our desire to please God and our understanding of His worthiness, may we find exceedingly great joy as we respond in worship and obedience to God, just as the wise men did.
Matthew 1-2 introduces Jesus as the legitimate Messiah of Israel and the fulfillment of Scripture. The second half of Matthew wraps up this introduction. However in this segment, Matthew focuses on the opposition against Jesus, his fleeing into exile and his return to an obscure place.
By doing this, Matthew gives us a glimpse into Jesus’ life and ministry, where he will be met with much opposition and people would despise him for his apparent “lack of splendor” (amongst many other reasons).
As we examine the 3 Old Testament quotations that he fulfilled, what can we learn about Jesus?
Called Out Of Egypt
The first prophecy is that God called his son out of Egypt (Hosea 11:1). Matthew 2 describes Joseph bringing Jesus and Mary and fleeing to Egypt to escape the clutches of Herod (14). Hosea’s prophecy describes their return from Egypt. Jesus returned from Egypt, so as God’s son he was “called out of Egypt”.
How does the Jesus fulfill the prophecy then? Did Hosea mean to prophesy about who the Messiah was going to be?
In actual fact, Hosea was not referring to Jesus in his prophecy. Rather, he was referring to how God would call Israel out of Egypt as his own people, or his “son”. Israel was in exile in Egypt. God called Israel out of Egypt, out of exile – to start his original covenant with them. In the same way, God called Jesus out of Egypt, and it was through Jesus that God would start his new covenant with us.
So this prophecy is meant to be symbolic. God called Israel out of Egypt – but that was a foreshadowing of Jesus. Jesus fulfills this scripture and takes on the role of Israel.
Rachel Weeps for Her Children
The second prophecy can be found in Jeremiah 31:15, where Jeremiah describes the anguish of Israelite mothers as their sons were led off into exile. Jeremiah uses “Rachel” to represent / personify all these mothers, since her own sons, Joseph and Benjamin, had also been threatened with being “no more” (Genesis 42:36).
Matthew now applies this passage to the mothers in Israel as they mourned over their sons who were massacred by Herod (16). In this way, Jesus fulfilled this prophecy, as his appearing prompted Herod to massacre these children and fulfilled the prophecy, as “Rachel” wept for her children.
He Shall Be Called A Nazarene
The third and final prophecy in this segment is not as clear cut. We read that Joseph was instructed to return to Israel, but he chose to settle in Galilee instead of Judea. What is the significance of this? Why did Joseph choose one city over the other?
The answer lies in the ruler of the county. Herod’s son, Archelaus, reigned in Judea and he was known to be as cruel as his father. We read that Joseph was afraid to go to Judea (and rightly so!) and at the same time he was warned in a dream (22). So Joseph brought Jesus and Mary and settled in Galilee.
What is the significance of Jesus going to Galilee?
Matthew says that Jesus went and lived in a city called Nazareth, fulfilling the prophecy that "he would be called a Nazarene” (23).
Putting It All Together
So what was the significance of Jesus being called a Nazarene?
Ironically, the significance of Jesus being called a Nazarene is that it actually portrayed him as being insignificant. Nazareth was a lowly, despised place. People did not think anything good could come out of Nazareth (John 1:46). “Jesus of Bethlehem” may have sounded more royal and majestic. “Jesus of Nazareth” sounded derogatory and insulting. “Jesus the Nazarene” was a most unremarkable name and did not carry fame or renown.
So then, did Joseph make a mistake in settling in Nazareth instead of Bethlehem? Did he ruin Jesus’ reputation?
This is not the case. God’s plan from the start was that Jesus would come, not with grandeur and glory, but that he would be lowly and despised (Isaiah 53). The prophets pointed to a Messiah who would be despised and rejected, and Jesus fulfilled this, through his obscure background and by growing up in lowly Nazareth.
The fulfilment of the third Scripture quotation tells us something about Jesus and his ministry. He did not come with splendor and majesty. He did not consider equality with God something to be boasted of. Instead he humbly did the will of his father while he was on earth. And through his ministry, many were saved and lifted up. God used an obscure man with an “unimportant” background to accomplish his purposes. And Philippians 2 reminds us that God exalted him for his obedience.
This has implications for us as followers of Christ. It means that our lives, like our Lord, will be characterized by lowliness and insignificance. When we share in Christ’s lowliness, we are sharing in his life. We will be considered lowly and despised. But nevertheless, we can take encouragement from the fact that suffering, rejection and even death are never the final word – not for Jesus, and not for his disciples. But they must come before our exaltation.
Furthermore, the first two scripture quotations that Jesus fulfilled show us that Jesus is indeed the awaited Messiah. Matthew spared no effort to demonstrate that Jesus is the Savior who was prophesied in Jewish tradition.
How are we responding to this? Do we approach Jesus and the scriptures as mere knowledge? Are we convicted by the truth that Jesus fulfilled these promises of God and many more?
Knowing these prophecies and learning how Jesus fulfilled them increases our faith. We see how Jesus fulfills God’s promises of a new covenant. We see how God works through his lowly, despised son to save his people. We trust Jesus to save us from our sins. We worship him for doing what nobody else could. And we give thanks and praise to God who has fulfilled all these promises in Jesus. We know that we have a God who is powerful and able to do what he has promised and that brings us great joy.
Introducing the one who is introducing our Lord
In keeping with Matthew’s theme of fulfilment, he gives the record of John the Baptist fulfilling the scriptures as the one preparing the way for the coming of the Lord Jesus. He fulfills the prophecy in Isaiah 40:3 as the “voice crying in the wilderness: Prepare the way of the Lord; make his paths straight.”
So what was this work of preparing the way of the Lord?
The account Matthew that gives us was that John was preaching, calling people to repentance and baptizing them.
The offense of the baptism of John
Baptism at that time was understood as an initiation right for Jewish converts who came from a Pagan background. This makes John’s baptism very offensive to the Jews. John calling the Jews to be baptized was implying that unless the Jews were willing to repent, they were not in God’s family according to birthright and they were not in possession of the promises and blessings of God.
These are the same Jews who knew the Law of Moses by heart! They knew what was written in Genesis 17:7 “And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your offspring after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you.” Who does John think he is by telling the sons of Abraham what they should be doing?
A lesson from the Jews
It should make us tremble to think that the Jews were a people who had a strong consciousness for God while also strongly onto the belief that God will fulfill his promises. However, these people were nevertheless called a "brood of vipers" and threatened with eternal damnation.
Some of the Jews assume that by virtue of their birthright, God is obligated to bless them because of the promises made to Abraham. He must bless them. He can't pour out wrath on them, because he always keeps his word. Ultimately whether they are living a life of repentance or not, it does not matter. Such is the attitude of those who are not relying on the mercy of God, rather placing their trust in their earthly identification.
Your identity does not save
Here is a warning: We should never think that mere identification with a group (like being a Jew or even being a Christian) should obligate God to bless us. Our status as a child of God is not an entitlement that God is obligated to keep.
John says in verse 9, "do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘we have Abraham as our father, for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham.’' What John is trying to show them is that God cannot be coerced into doing anything. John reasons that God is able in his absolute sovereignty and power to ‘raise up children from Abraham’ from rocks.
Verse 10 repeats the warning we have just seen. "Even now the axe is laid to the root of the trees; every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire." There is no benefit in placing your trust in the kind of tree you are. If there is no fruit that is born from repentance, the tree is useless; it will be destroyed. It doesn't matter if the tree is Jewish or Gentile; what John the Baptist is calling for is for all trees to bear the fruit of repentance.
Who do you place your trust in?
As followers of Jesus, we put our trust in our Lord and savior. We do not expect God to be obligated to bless us or help us live good lives just because we brandish our status as Children of God. Neither should we feel that God is indebted to us because we have done righteous and good acts in his name.
We actively turn away from anything we have done, we turn away from who we are, and instead rely wholly on the boundless mercy and grace of God that He lavishes on us freely.
Jesus the Son of Man
The term “son of man” is used to describe the humanity of Jesus. Jesus uses it to refer to himself in his earthly ministry and his future death, exaltation and coming as judge and Saviour (Matthew 9:6).
Yes, Jesus is God. Yet He is also fully man at the same time. Jesus has a human body (Luke 24:39), a human mind (Luke 2:52), and a human soul (Matthew 26:38). Jesus is fully man with complete humanity, wholly tempted as we are (Hebrews 4:15).
It is important for us to affirm the incarnation of our Lord Jesus and His complete humanity. With this knowledge, we can be certain that Jesus was fully tempted as we are and in fact, was repeatedly tempted with the things common to man. Luke 4:13 makes it clear that “when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed from him until an opportune time.”
The word “tempt” in Matthew 4 means to test, to put someone through a period of testing. As Christians we face temptations throughout our Christian journey.
The temptations that Jesus faced were higher in intensity not only because He never gave in despite having to face the full brunt of the temptations, but also because He was in a situation that made it harder for him to overcome them by human strength alone.
Adam and Eve were in the Garden of Eden, where everything was beautiful, perfect and good. They had everything they needed. Yet they gave in to the trickery of Satan. Jesus on the other hand was in the wilderness, having fasted for 40 days and He was hungry. May we be encouraged by the fact that Jesus overcame real temptation and rose victorious over Satan.
The temptations that Jesus faced of self-gratification, self-protection and self-exaltation are the same ones that we face every day.
The Temptation of Self-Gratification
Every day, we seek to satisfy our own selfish desires. From purchasing bags to cars to anything that we hold of importance such as getting good grades, going on holidays etc. We not only want gratification but seek for instant gratification in ways that dishonour God (James 5:2-7).
The temptation for Jesus was a trying one; he fasted for 40 days in the wilderness and was hungry. He not only wanted but also needed food. It was something of utmost importance for survival rather than a luxury.
Satan tempted Jesus by seemingly doubting his authority as God. “If you are the son of God” (v.3), he said. However, Jesus is indeed the Son of God and it is within His power to make bread for himself. Satan was essentially saying: “If you’re really God, why don’t you use your authority to turn stone into bread? You have every right to use this power for your own needs!” However the underlying deception was that using one’s gifts for self-gratification, outside of God’s purposes, was dishonoring to the Lord our God.
Jesus’ response to Satan was “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God” (v.4). The word of God is food for our soul, which is far more important than food for our bodies. Jesus turning stones into bread would mean abusing His authority by taking matters into His own hands instead of obeying and trusting in the Father for provision.
Let us not take matters into our own hands when seeking our own gratification, but instead rely on God’s provision just like Jesus did even in His most dire moment.
The Temptation of Self-Protection
Using the trust that Jesus had in God and His word, Satan rolled out his next move. Satan says in v6. “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, “ ‘He will command his angels concerning you,’ and “ ‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’ ” In effect what Satan is saying is: “Since God promises that He will protect you, and you trust in Him, why don’t we test God to see if His promises are true?”
How is this the temptation of self-protection?
Knowing what comes in the future and the knowledge that all is within our control provides us with a sense of security. Put in the same situation, we would want to know for sure that God protects and provides for us, especially when we are hungry without food.
Jesus’ response to that temptation was “Again it is written, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test’ ” (v.7). Satan is right regarding God’s promise to Jesus. However, God’s word must be understood in its entirety. God said He will protect Jesus, but He also said that He is not to be tested.
By forcing God’s hand to react to a situation we create to test His trustworthiness, it demonstrates our faithlessness and distrust in God. We do this when we play with temptation like how we play with fire and say “You won’t allow me to be tempted beyond what I can bear, right God?”
One such example is when we date a non-believer and tell God, “Don’t you desire for all to be saved? Use me in this relationship for the salvation of this person.” Another example is when you get involved with shady businessmen and you say, “God you will protect me if anything goes wrong right?”
Let us not put God to the test! Instead of pushing the boundaries to test His protection and provision for us when we pursue our own desires, we should be relying on those promises to pursue God’s desires.
The Temptation of Self-Exaltation
Satan had one last temptation and did not coat it in sugar. He out-rightly offered Jesus the worldly Kingdom as stated in v.9 “All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me.”
Note that this kingdom rightly belonged to Jesus! Satan did not have to give it to Him! In this case how is this a temptation? Jesus knows for a fact that the kingdom is His! But remember, Jesus also knows that the road ahead leading to such authority is filled with sorrow, suffering, death (Platt, 2014) and separation from God the Father.
Jesus was faced with the temptation of instant gratification with regards to attaining authority, exaltation and worship. It was a shortcut towards getting what is rightfully His without waiting upon the Lord and trusting the Lord.
Jesus chose to live a life of suffering in worship to the Lord even though the Kingdom was rightfully His. And so his response to Satan was “You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.” (v.10)
Likewise, we who are believers are promised the kingdom of God and the blessings that come with it. However let us not forget that we are also called to a life of total submission and obedience to Jesus Christ our Lord by living in righteousness.
The Power to Overcome Temptation
Through these temptations, Jesus depended not upon himself, but by the spirit of God and by the word of God. Jesus was “led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil” (v.1). “It is written” was the defense of Jesus when faced with temptation, time and again. This demonstrated Jesus’ unwavering obedience and trust in the spirit of God and the trustworthiness of God’s word.
If we seek to overcome temptation by our own strength, we are making a grave mistake. By our sinful flesh, we can never win in spiritual warfare. Only through obedience and dependence on the Holy Spirit can we be victorious, as Jesus demonstrated when he was “led by the Spirit” into the wilderness and continued to be led throughout His earthly ministry.
Let us also “live by every word that comes from the mouth of God” (Matthew 4:4). Our resistance against temptation and our walk with God depends on it.
So how can we be victorious over the temptations in life? By relying on both the power of the Holy Spirit and the trustworthiness of God’s word as Jesus has demonstrated.
Jesus is our role model to learn from when facing temptations. Though faced with intense temptations of all kinds, He has defeated Satan and given us the Holy Spirit to do the same. So let us rely on the Holy Spirit and the word of God to win the spiritual warfare against our sinful desires and the temptations of the devil.
After Jesus had overcome the temptations in the wilderness, he was ready to begin his public ministry. In the meantime John the Baptist had been imprisoned for speaking against the sins of Herod the Tetrarch, John was imprisoned (Luke 3:19-20). This prompted Jesus to move from Nazareth to Capernaum (vv 12-13), which was in the northern part of Israel. This was also to fulfill the prophecy by Isaiah (vv 15-16).
While this may just seem like the fulfillment of a historical event, it meant so much more to the Jews back then. The prophecy, taken from Isaiah 9, described the coming of the Messiah. It detailed the nature of the Messiah: the great light, bringer of joy, triumphant deliverer, Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace, just and righteous king (Isaiah 9:1-7).
The beginning of Jesus’ public ministry was the proclamation of the coming of God’s heavenly kingdom, with Him as King. And Jesus began his ministry with the overarching message of His Gospel: “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” (v 17).
The Gospel according to Jesus
The heart of Jesus’ message is a call to repentance. Repentance is not simply a big emotional outburst of sobbing and feeling sorry without actually changing anything. In fact, the Jews and Greeks at the time defined repentance as a change of heart, mind and actions. True repentance requires that we turn away from our sinful thoughts, intentions and actions, and turn towards the living God. It means that our thoughts, intentions and actions that are turn from rebelling against him to worshipping him.
And why is there a need for repentance? Because God’s kingdom is here! The just and righteous Messiah King will destroy all who rebel against Him, and He has come! The great light and bringer of joy to those who will believe in Him for salvation is right here with us! Here is presented to us either the biggest threat or the greatest delight to our souls.
It is not some new country that Jesus was founding. Instead it is a kingdom of spiritual brothers and sisters who have put their faith in Jesus Christ and do the will of God as a result (Matt 12:46-50). In God’s kingdom all are saved in Christ through one Spirit into one body (Col 3:11, 1 Cor 12:13). The borders are drawn not between lands, but between hearts - all who trust in Jesus as King of their lives, and the rest who do not.
The coming of the Messiah King also included the blessings of physical and spiritual healing (v 24). This was to demonstrate Jesus’ sovereignty in the heavenly kingdom that had come. Jesus calls us to be part of His kingdom. He calls us to repent from our sin - and this call demands our response.
Proclaiming Jesus’ Gospel
Jesus always spoke the truth and never minced His words. He never once said, “You are doing fine, just keep it up and you will somehow find your way into the kingdom of God.” Jesus was very honest about our need to repent. And our need to repent means that we are sinful, and nobody likes to be told they are wrong, bad or sinful.
However Jesus’ first disciples responded immediately and wholeheartedly without complaining about how insensitive His message was (vv 20, 22). And many were attracted to the gospel that Jesus proclaimed throughout Galilee and the blessings that came with it (vv 23-25), despite its supposedly offensive message.
In our modern culture of political correctness, we are socially expected to be “culturally relevant” and “sensitive”. As a result, we see Jesus’ gospel message being compromised in many churches today. The call to repent from sin is often drowned out by the messages of “You will be saved just by believing that Jesus exists”, “Jesus paid it all on the cross, therefore He has freed you to live however you want now”, and “Who are you to judge another person’s sins?”.
However, when the true message of the gospel is distorted, we need to proclaim Jesus’ gospel all the more! It is especially during this spiritual drought where people hunger and thirst for the truth found in the Bread of Life and the Living Water.
Yes we still need to present Jesus’ gospel in a way that is easy to understand, but the call to repent and to live according to God’s righteousness must remain at the heart of the message.
Responding to Jesus’ Gospel
We saw many who responded to Jesus’ call to repent and be part of His heavenly kingdom. But what is required of us when we respond to Jesus’ call to us?
A response to Jesus’ call requires us to follow Him (v 19). To follow Jesus means that we are to watch and learn through Jesus’ life, align our thoughts and priorities with those of Jesus, and to act according to the example that Jesus had shown through His life and ministry.
Responding to Jesus’ Gospel call may also require us to leave behind family and career. This includes worldly family culture and socially acceptable career progression.
One thing to note is that Jesus’ first disciples did not drop everything to follow Jesus because He casted some mystical hypnotism on them. Their decisions were well thought out and deliberate after having followed and observed Jesus for a time. Jesus Himself required that His disciples count the cost of discipleship before becoming His disciple (Luke 14:25-33).
Therefore let us reconsider once again what it means to repent. God’s kingdom and King Jesus, have come, and He calls us to repent. Let us also never shy away from proclaiming the message of repentance from sin and restoration to live in God’s righteousness.
And as we seek to respond to Jesus’ call to repent and be part of His kingdom, let us not be rash in making the decision to follow Him. Instead Jesus requires that we count the cost carefully before committing to an eternity of following Him and being gradually transformed into His image more and more.
The Sermon on the Mount describes life in the new kingdom
Matthew 5:1-16 forms the introduction to the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:1-7:29). This Sermon deals with the character of the Christian. It describes who the Christian is and what his life looks like.
The Sermon contains so many demands that we might mistakenly think it is a handbook of “good Christian behaviours” that we are to learn. However, after we study them carefully we realise that the demands in this Sermon are of such high standards that it is impossible to achieve – Jesus said we must be perfect, just as God is perfect (5:48). We cannot attain this standard, and therefore we cannot earn our salvation by obeying these demands. How then do we attain our salvation?
We attain it through Jesus. No one can achieve the standard except Jesus – he alone fulfills the demands of God perfectly. So it is through Jesus’ obedience that we receive salvation. He reaches the standard that we failed to reach, and by trusting him, we receive the righteousness that belongs to him.
When we receive his salvation, we receive new life from Jesus. We become his disciples. We learn from his ways and we want to live like him, and live for him. This community of disciples follows Jesus, and the Sermon on the Mount describes the way we should live our new lives with Jesus.
The Sermon on the Mount is for Jesus’ disciples
Who is the audience for this Sermon?
Jesus’ disciples are the intended audience. When he sat down, his disciples were the ones who came to him (5:1). And he opened his mouth and taught them – his disciples (5:2).
Later on Jesus says “blessed are you when others… persecute you… on my account” (5:11). Jesus is speaking to his disciples, since unbelievers would not suffer persecution for Jesus’ sake.
Jesus also says “You are the salt of the earth” and “You are the light of the world”. These are metaphors for Christian and Jesus is clearly addressing his disciples.
It is clear that Jesus is speaking to those who are his disciples in the Sermon on the Mount. At this point, he may be talking to the 12 disciples. However, as the 12 disciples went out to make disciples of all nations (28:18-20), more people received Jesus as Lord and Saviour. These people thus become disciples of Jesus.
Therefore, we are disciples of Jesus and we are also to take heed of his words in the Sermon on the Mount.
The Sermon on the Mount teaches us how to live as salt and light
Up to this point, the beatitudes have drawn the line between the disciples of Jesus and the world. Disciples live according to Jesus’ commands (which will be read in the coming weeks) which are described later on in the Sermon on the Mount. The world does not.
Jesus tells his disciples that they are salt of the earth and light of the world. What do these mean?
The importance of our public witness
Salt was used in ancient times to preserve food. Just like salt preserves food, God uses Christians as agents of preservation in society. Humans are sinful and rebellious towards God. If left unchecked, the world would become increasingly corrupt and depraved. As Christians, we are be salt in the sense of preventing corruption in society. We do not this by physical force. We do it by preaching the gospel. We call people to live transformed lives that worship the true God.
Salt that lost its saltiness was considered useless because it was unable to preserve the food. Similarly, Christians who are no different from the world they live in will be powerless witnesses. How can we call people to turn from their sins when we are continuing to live in our own sins?
A Christian who is stingy cannot possibly convince his neighbor to worship God instead of money. And how are we to persuade others that the bible is God’s word if we ourselves pick and choose at the verses which “suit us best”? And no one will be persuaded by a man who claims to love Jesus if he always talks about all his other hobbies without ever talking about Jesus. These people claim to follow Jesus but if they look just like the world, no one will listen to them. So the salt of the earth must not lose its saltiness.
Again, Jesus calls us light of the world. He says that no one lights a lamp an puts it under a basket (5:15), because that would be no use. Christians are to be public witnesses, as we have just learnt.
But this metaphor about light teaches us that Christians should not only live secret lives of devotion to Jesus that no one can see. We already know the importance of our secret devotion to Jesus. Our secret devotional lives are important, but it does not stop there. Our public faith starts with our secret lives. Our public lives are to reflect our secret devotion.
If we do not meditate on the bible, we will not share it with our neighbor. If we do not pray for one another, we will not rejoice when we see God work. To put it another way, when we are praying and reading the bible consistently, we cultivate our relationship with Jesus, and we will obey him both inwardly, and also outwardly in public acts of faith. We should be lights that shine in the world and give light – the light that comes from Jesus, who is himself the true light of the world (John 8:12).
And this is what Jesus means when he says, “let your light shine before others”. Does he mean that our light shines so that we receive the praise?
No, we are to let our light shine before others, so that they would see it and praise God (5:16). God deserves the praise for changing our hearts and doing the impossible work in us. No one else can do it. Only he can, and so only he deserves praise.
Jesus calls us to be salt and light (5:13-14), and he explains how we are to do this in the rest of the Sermon on the Mount. May God show us his wonderful character, and may we rejoice at the happy privilege to live in his kingdom.
Some Christians say this
Have you ever heard this saying among Christians: “We are New Testament Christians, so we do not have to concern ourselves with the Old Testament.” Most people use this statement to explain why we don’t have to follow certain sections of the Mosaic law (especially the dietary laws that might potentially separate us from our favourite pork or shellfish dishes). When faced with difficult questions on the law of the Old Testament, some Christians would be quick to dismiss it.
What is your view regarding the Old Testament? Most evangelical Christians would have a high view of the New Testament, but Old Testament accounts are very quickly dismissed as archaic, complicated, confusing or just known as bible stories for Sunday school children.
In Matthew 5, Jesus gives us His view on (1) the Law and (2) the Prophets (this is how Jesus refers to the Old Testament). He says that he ‘did not come to abolish them but to fulfil them’ (v.17). The Old Testament is not negated by the first coming of the incarnate Son of God. Rather, the Law and the Prophets find their fulfilment in the person and the work of Jesus Christ. Therefore, we should view the Old Testament the same way - that it finds its fulfilment in Jesus Christ.
Jesus came to fulfil the prophets, bringing to fulfilment the prophecies from God. One of these prophecies is that Jesus is the suffering servant in Isaiah 53. He was to be tried and condemned, being silent before his accusers, executed among criminals and would be a sacrifice to be punished for sins that are not his own. Zechariah also speaks of God’s own representative who is killed at the hands of His people and the people of God will eventually realize whom they have killed and mourn for the One who had died.
Jesus fulfils the law
Jesus Christ also came to fulfil the Law. The ‘law’ here refers to the Torah (the first 5 books of the Bible). He obeyed perfectly every single one of the commandments that God provided for his people. As we come to understand what Jesus himself taught; that the commandments of God require not just obedience in our actions but obedience in our hearts, we come to see how impossible it is to keep the law. But Jesus kept the entirety of the law completely, not just in his deeds but in his motivations as well.
The Torah does not just contain the commandments of God; it also reveals the provisions that God gave his people for the forgiveness of sin. An example of these provisions would be the Tabernacle, the temple sacrifice, and the Levitical priesthood. In New Testament language, these are called shadows because they represent something else that is to come. The book of Hebrews tells us that the performance of the ritual of these shadows does not actually take away sin, but they point towards the One who can.
Hebrews 10:1 tells us “For since the law has but a shadow of the good things to come instead of the true form of these realities, it can never, by the same sacrifices that are continually offered every year, make perfect those who draw near.”
Jesus is our great high priest who offered the perfect sacrifice, accomplishing the priestly work of appeasing the wrath of God and making payment for our sins perfectly through his work on the cross. All the provisions and all the shadows find their ultimate fulfilment in the work of our Lord Jesus – He is the fulfilment of the law.
The Old Testament provides the model for obedience that Jesus lived
Just because the Law finds its fulfilment in Jesus Christ, it does not mean that we can forget about its teachings. Those that are called least in the kingdom of heaven are described here as having little regard for obedience to the commandments of God. ‘Whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven’ (v.19).
The good disciple would obey and teach the commandments: he would go beyond lip service and model his life to be guided by God’s teachings. This does not equate to a literal observance of every single regulation (as if it is a checklist to be fulfilled), but rather, the showing of the attitude of obedience and respect to the word of God.
Any Christian who dismisses any part of the Old Testament is a weak Christian; the consistent Christian will be guided by the law, and will teach others the importance of living by it. A mature Christian, while understanding the importance of keeping the law, would also not jump to the other end in walking the path of mere legalism.
Jesus gives us a provision against legalism in v.20. He mentions the Pharisees and scribes who were an example of the greatest righteousness imaginable within Judaism. Jesus says that the strict observance of the law by the Pharisees and Scribes still would not qualify them to enter the kingdom of heaven. A greater righteousness is needed. A righteousness that has fulfilled all of the law and the prophets - which is Jesus Christ himself.
What is your view towards the Old Testament law and the prophets?
Jesus Christ revealed in all of Scripture
The entirety of the Old Testament points us towards the person of Jesus Christ. As we grow in our knowledge of Scripture, we should be seeing Christ peppered throughout the narrative of the Old Testament. Understanding the full implication of how he has kept the law for us and done the full work of redemption for us would bring us to have an increased appreciation for the work that He has done for us.
Not even an iota nor a dot will pass away until the complete fulfilment of the words of God (v.18). Until today, the entirety of God’s law remains binding on the human race, Christian or not. Just as the Jews could not keep the entirety of God’s commands, neither can we. But Jesus Christ has done it. He has fulfilled the law perfectly. And the promise given to us is that he has fulfilled it on our behalf, that we might be able to stand before God with the full righteousness of Christ with us, if only we believe.
We often hear these 2 phrases when we tell others we have been treated unfairly – “if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also…” and “Love your enemies.” Our Christian brothers often counsel us this way.
While it is correct to say that we “should love our enemies” in those situations, we may be watering down the meaning of loving our enemies. Maybe we are not convinced of why we even do it. On top of that, how do we even love our enemies? Jesus teaches us who our enemies are and why He calls us to love them.
Who are our enemies?
Jesus’ command to love our enemies assumes that there are people who are harder to show love to. There are different ways that a person is difficult to love. Therefore this demand is expressed in different ways. The general idea is that the people that we are not at peace with, they are our enemies.
Here are some examples of people who we consider enemies. The clearest example is people who are against us, who want to see us fail. Another example is when people whose character, personality or condition just makes them unattractive or repulsive. It could also be people who have taken offence at something that you have said or done, which results in a broken relationship between you and the person. Lastly, when someone has offended you, they are considered your enemy.
Why show love to our enemies?
Jesus tells us to love our enemies “so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven.” (44-45) Loving our enemies shows that we belong to God. You show yourselves to be children of God by acting the way your Father acts. God’s character is in you and therefore you want to do what the Father does.
“God sends his rain on the just and the unjust” (v45), which means God cares and loves both his children and enemies.
When we obey the command to love our enemies we show how powerful, loving and merciful God is. People see the radiance of God’s glory shown through our works. We cannot perfectly display God’s character because of our sinful nature, but we continue to show love to our enemies. We love our enemies with God’s power, not our own strength. We love them because God works in us, to display His Character.
How do we show love to our enemies?
Here are some ways that we can show love to our enemies.
1. Lead them to truth
From verses 21 to the end of the chapter, Jesus began each statement with “You have heard” or “You have heard it said”. Jesus shows how the law was misinterpreted in each statement. Jesus then taught His listeners the true standard of the law and what was expected of them to fulfill those laws. He was also teaching that it is humanly impossible for them to fulfill the true standards of the law.
An implication of misinterpreting scripture is that we become legalistic. We think that following the laws will bring us salvation. But we are actually lowering the bar for ourselves! We try to find loopholes in the law and therefore lie to ourselves thinking that we are righteous or we are okay. That’s where we convince ourselves of “big sins and small sins” or “I’m not a sinner, I didn’t kill anyone, steal from anyone or even commit adultery”. But Jesus shows us that It is impossible for anyone to fulfill the requirements of the law and be free from God’s judgment (Rom 3:20). Therefore trying to lower standards of the law through legalism will only lead to destruction. We cannot claim to desire the good of someone and yet be indifferent to what destroys the person.
Love requires us to show the truth, not compromise it! We are to proclaim the truth according to Jesus Christ, who is truth itself (John 14:6). We live in a time where people are easily offended by the truth because they choose to suppress it (Rom 1:18-23). But love does not compromise truth and the truth is often not easy to accept. The genuineness of an act of love is not determined by the one being loved, therefore point your enemies to Christ- Lead them to the truth.
2. Pray for them
We show love to our enemies by praying for them. Right after Jesus tells us to love our enemies, He tells us to pray for them (v44). Jesus’ command to love is not just changing how we treat our enemies outwardly. As we pray for the good of our enemies, God uses this to change our attitudes towards them. We begin to desire that our enemies would experience the goodness of God.
Then we would ask the question, “How to pray for them?” We should pray for them the same way as we would pray for ourselves. Jesus gave us an example of how we should pray in chapter 6: 9-14.
“9 Pray then like this:
“Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name.
10 Your kingdom come,
your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us this day our daily bread,
12 and forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil.”
So in the same way, the first thing we pray for is that our enemies give reverence to God’s name and want God’s will to be done (v9-10). This requires a change of heart, and only God can cause that to happen. So we pray for their salvation
We pray that God would provide them with all that is necessary for them to live day to day (v11). We should also pray for their forgiveness and that they be forgiving also (v12). Lastly pray that they will be protected from temptations and from evil (v13).
Praying for our enemy shows how much you care for the person. Whether they turn to God or not is inconsequential. We love them and want them to find eternal joy in God. Therefore pray for our enemies
3. Do good to them
There is no use leading enemies to the truth and praying for them if it does not translate into action. Jesus shows us what actions to take -- “and if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you.”
The principle behind “turning the other cheek” is not to take revenge or get back at someone. The reason why we turn the other cheek is because we know that vengeance is not ours, it is God’s (Rom 12:19). Knowing this frees us to love our enemies more! Remember that love seeks the good of our enemies. So we should be actively doing good to them.
Doing good can come in various forms, it can be through giving what the person really needs in a particular situation (v42), it could also be watching what we say to each other (saying things tactfully) and it could also be as simple as exchanging greetings (v47) with someone you don’t really know.
Doing good does not have to be extravagant, even our daily acts of courtesy can show if we have a heart of love.
Where does this love come from?
We may wonder: “how we can even love to that kind of extent?” The answer is in Christ. He is the source of all our affections, be it affection for Him or for even our enemies. God gave us a new heart to love to such an extent, and God first loved us while we were still his enemies, so that we might be able to love Him, and to display that same kind of love to our enemies is only a work of God. Sometime we don’t feel like loving our enemies, love them anyways and pray that your desire and your love for God to grow for it is a fountain where you draw from when you feel you can’t love your enemies. The more we desire God the more we want to be like Him and in turn display His character.
So love your enemies, because your Father in heaven loved His enemies.
- The End -
In this day and age, we are caught up with the idea of being productive and getting things done. This has also influenced the church with its various ministries. It is good to be productive, especially when it comes to God’s work. But sometimes we are tempted to show off our ability.
Jesus addresses the misapplication of God’s righteousness in the daily lives of the Jews, particularly the Pharisees. To the Pharisees, a person is most religious when he does three things: giving to the needy, praying and fasting. Our modern version may look more like going to church, going for prayer meetings, and doing mercy ministry.
The Pharisees loved to make a grand display of their good works to everyone around them, to demonstrate their piety. Jesus was not condemning them for practising these things, he was looking at their attitudes and motivations. He begins His teaching with a warning: “Beware of practicing your righteousness before other people in order to be seen by them…”
Jesus’ warning formed the basis for his teachings on giving alms, prayer and fasting. The issue was not with others seeing your works, because earlier in His sermon, Jesus made it very clear that we are to let our good works shine before others (5:16a).
Displaying our good works is not the issue. The issue is why we display our good works. We display our good works so that others will see God’s glory and worship Him (5:16b) instead of bringing praise and worship to ourselves (6:1a). Those who are motivated by praise from man may accomplish their goal of personal honour and profit, but God will give no further reward (6:1b).
The way Jesus made this warning was that we must be continually vigilant against the temptation of seeking praise from man. Our efforts should instead be directed towards seeking our reward from our heavenly Father. It does not matter if no one sees or acknowledges our good works, because our all-knowing heavenly Father “sees in secret” and will reward us as His children (vv. 4, 6, 18).
Do our works need to remain secret?
Does this mean that once our good works are no longer a secret, we lose our reward from God? Surely not! Jesus and His apostles performed many public righteous acts. Their ministries were not done in secret and they did not seek to hide it.
Once again, the motivation behind these acts is important. Who did the people see when they witnessed the good works of Jesus and His apostles? Were Jesus and His apostles praised for their own sakes? Their acts always pointed towards the glory of our heavenly Father.
In the same way, we do not need to hide our acts of righteousness. God looks at the sincere motivations of our hearts as we perform such acts. Two people can give to the needy in public - one for personal honour and another for God’s glory. Two can pray when others are watching them - one for personal praise for his eloquence and another as a response to his genuine relationship with his heavenly Father. Two can practice fasting - one to flaunt his own piety publicly and another as a private devotion to God.
If we already do good when no one is looking, can we then pride ourselves in it? In a way, seeking to pat yourself on the back for a job well done is also seeking praise that comes from man. We start to depend on fulfilling our own standard of righteousness for our reward, like an inner Pharisee. But we know that no one’s righteousness is enough to gain any merit from God. So works done in secret also depend on the motivations of the heart. Do our good works point to God's glory or do they seek to justify our righteousness to ourselves?
The issue here is not whether our good works are done in secret or not. Rather, the concern is about the sincerity of our hearts and who we seek to honour. A person who works for the sake of God’s praise will act the same way publicly and privately. And God will reward those who act out of a sincere desire to honour Him, regardless of whether they act publicly or privately.
The heart behind a Christian’s good works
So what does a Christian concern himself with when he practices righteousness? What fills a Christian’s mind at all times that influences his actions?
Jesus shows us in His example of a true Christian's prayer. God’s children are primarily concerned about God's reputation and His kingdom objectives (6:9-10). For the sake of God’s glory and fulfilling God’s purposes, a Christian asks for daily physical provision and spiritual protection for all in the church (6:11-13). He knows that we are fully dependent on God for all things. As undeserving sinners, he knows that we all need God’s forgiveness and prays for it. Because we are weak in our sinful nature, he prays for God’s protection from the evil one.
A true Christian acts with the mindset of putting God’s glory and kingdom work first. Because his sole focus is on God, he sees no need for the praise of man. He looks to God for his reward and fully trusts that his heavenly Father will do as He has promised. A person who acts with this in his heart is one who practices true righteousness. And his reward will be nothing less than the pleasure of eternal life in God’s presence.
Practicing righteousness God’s way
Here we see God’s idea of righteous action. The heart of a truly righteous Christian is always concerned about God’s glory and work here on earth, and this comes across in his prayers and actions. His actions that are seen publicly are consistent with what he does in private. In fact all his public actions are an outflow of his private habits. Therefore he just as he does not perform for the sake of praise from other people in private, he does not do so in public. He sincerely looks to God for his reward.
Do we see these in ourselves? Are our public actions consistent with how we think and act in private? What motivates us to act righteously: approval from our family and peers, or the desire for God’s approval? Do our actions come from a sincere desire for God’s glory or a sincere desire for our own praise? Does God’s glory and His kingdom work fill our minds, or are we too busy filling our minds with the things of this world?
If we want to take practicing God’s righteousness seriously, we will do well to empty our personal egos and agendas, and fill our minds with God’s agenda. Do this, and eternity in God’s presence will be our reward.
– The End –
Matthew 6:25, 33
Ambition is what drives us. Whatever we seek, which gets us out of bed daily and keeps us going – that is our ambition. It could be fame, power, knowledge, money, God’s glory, and so on. There are many types of ambition but everyone has at least one.
Jesus shows us the two choices we face – true and false ambition. We are driven by false ambition when we do not have in mind the things of God, chasing after things like our own security (food, drink and clothing), for that is the obsession of ‘the Gentiles’ who do not know him. He tells us instead to have true ambition – which is for God’s rule and righteousness to be spread in the world.
False Ambition: Our Own Material Security
The false ambition that Jesus teaches about goes by another name: anxiety. He says “do not be anxious”, because he knows that many of us worry about our material security. This is what the Gentiles do because they do not know God and his provision.
But we have no need for worry because God provides these things (v.32). We need not be anxious because we know that our creator and sustainer Lord cares for us and provides for us.
Jesus Christ neither denies nor despises the needs of the body. As a matter of fact, he made it himself; both the body and its needs. And he takes care of it. He has just taught us to pray, ‘Give us this day our daily bread.’
But an excessive preoccupation with the needs of the body, as if the body was all there is to care about, is wrong because life is not just about the physical body. This obsession with the needs of the body leads us to worry. But Jesus shows us that worry is wrong.
Worry is a faithless pursuit
Firstly Jesus shows that to be Christian and to worry is contradictory. As Christians we believe God cares for us. God created and preserves us daily, giving us life each moment without fail. If God already takes care of our life and our body, can we not trust him to take care of something lesser like our food and our clothing?
Again Jesus says, “Which of you by being anxious can add one cubit to his span of life (v.27)? Therefore, just as we leave these matters to God (for they are not in our power), so we trust him for lesser things like food and clothes.
Jesus also explains that God takes care of his creatures like the birds, who are seemingly unimportant. Then how much more will he also take care of us, who are precious in his sight? Thus, when we worry we are not trusting God. To worry is to be faithless.
Common misconceptions about “Do not be anxious”
Unfortunately, some Christians often mistakenly think that the command, “do not be anxious”, is a licence to be irresponsible. They might say “God cares for us – I can do whatever I want”, or “since God provides, I don’t have to work to provide for myself”.
Misconception #1: I do not need to work
Firstly, God’s care does not excuse Christians from earning their living. Jesus said that God feeds the birds of the air, and they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns (v.26). But is it true that they do not eat, or do not look for food? No, they actively search for food daily, and God uses that sense of hunger or self-preservation as the means by which he feeds them. But they do not anxiously hoard and collect food and worry that they would not find it tomorrow. In this manner they live from “day to day”.
In the same way, we should trust God to provide us, and recognise that it is by our diligence that he provides the means for us to receive our daily needs. So we have no excuse to be lazy, but we can trust that as we do our part, God provides.
Misconception #2: I do not need to look out for others’ needs
If God promises to feed and clothe his children, how is it that many are poor and undernourished today?
We cannot say that God looks after his children and those underprivileged must be people from outside his family – because there are Christian brothers who also live in severe need. Again, we should not say that because God clothes his children, we have no responsibility towards our Christian brothers who are in need. God’s provision for his children does not exempt us from our responsibility in being the agents through which he provides for his children.
Misconception #3: I will be free from problems
This is another assumption we make about Jesus’ words. We think: “God clothes the grass and feeds the birds – we are set for life, no trouble or harm shall befall us at all!”
This is a mistake. Nowhere did Jesus promise us a life free from trouble. God clothes the grass but it is still alive today and thrown into the oven tomorrow. Not a single bird falls without God’s will (Mt10:29) – but they still fall to the ground and die – just that it is all in God’s will.
So also, God did not promise that we will be free from trouble in this life. But the promise and comfort is that God is in control, and nothing can come to us unless it was a part of God’s will, sovereignly and lovingly brought upon us.
Worry is a fruitless pursuit
Then Jesus also shows us that worrying does not make sense. When we worry, we are concerned about something that might happen tomorrow. However, all worrying is experienced today. Whenever we are anxious, we are upset right now, about some event which may happen in the future. However, it is silly because that event might not even happen. We are spending time and energy now worrying about something which may not even happen.
So then worry is a waste of time, thought and nervous energy. We need to learn to live a day at a time. We should plan for the future, of course, but we should not worry about the future.
Being preoccupied with material things until it absorbs our energy and burdens us with anxiety is incompatible with both Christian faith and common sense.
True Ambition: God’s Rule and Righteousness
Jesus then turns our attention to true ambition – seeking first God’s kingdom and righteousness.
Seek First God’s Kingdom and his Righteousness
God’s kingdom refers to that specific rule over his people which is brought about by God himself, and begins in anybody’s life when he humbles himself, repents, believes, submits and is born again. For us to ‘seek first’ this kingdom is for us to want the reign of Jesus Christ to spread, above all things.
This desire starts with ourselves, until every aspect of our life – our home, marriage and family, personal morality, professional life and business ethics, bank balance, tax returns, life-style, citizenship – is joyfully and freely submissive to Christ. It continues in our immediate environment, when we share Christ’s lordship to our relatives, colleagues, neighbours and friends. And it continues with our disciple-making, all the way “to the ends of the earth” for God’s glory.
This is one of God’s purposes for His people; using them to make his righteousness attractive. People outside God’s kingdom will see it, desire it and be drawn towards it. This is how God is glorified through his people and his kingdom brought to the ends of the earth.
What is our ambition?
In the end, there are only two kinds of ambition: ambition for self, and ambition for God.
Ambitions for self can be modest (enough food and clothing) or grand (material luxury, reputation, power). But regardless of what they are, these are ultimately ambitions for myself—my comfort, my wealth, my status, my power.
Ambitions for God, however, can never be modest, especially not if they are going to be counted as worthy. There is something wrong about having small ambitions for God. How can we ever be content that God should just get a little more honour in the world? No. If God is King, then we want him to be crowned with glory and honour. We want people to view him in his true position, which is the highest place. We become ambitious for the spread of his kingdom and righteousness everywhere.
So we should not work hard for the sake of hoarding wealth. We should not be driven by worry about tomorrow. Instead, we should be eager to develop our gifts, widen our opportunities, extend our influence and be promoted at work – not to boost our egos or build our own kingdoms, but rather through that everything we do, God will be glorified.
– The End –
Matthew 7:1-2, 5
We are not to ignore the faults of others
When we hear the term “judge,” many people retort with v.1 in our passage: “Judge not, lest you be judged.” They use it to justify that others cannot bring any form of criticism, or discern any wrongdoing, or mention any kind of evaluation that offends them.
Sinful people bring sinful behavior when raising criticisms to people. Just because there are people who abuse the ability to judge, it does not follow that we should withdraw from all forms of judgement. Such a reading of this verse is simplistic and does not take the rest of what Jesus says into account.
What Jesus has in mind is forbidding the wrong way of bringing judgement. In the verses that follow, we can see that Jesus himself expects us to exercise our judgement. This can be seen where we are told to discern who are the pigs and dogs, that we may not throw our pearls and holy things to them (v.6), and also to be discern our own faults, that we may be able to bring proper correction to help our brother remove the speck in his eye (v.3).
The point of this passage is to tell the disciples how to judge in a right manner. Through critical assessment of each other, both the judge and the one being judged seek growth, both in themselves and in the lives of other disciples. This can be seen in the passage where both the ‘speck’ and the ‘log,’ are removed from their eyes (v.5). The goal of mutual correction is to steer believers towards growth together as a community, building each other up.
The wrong way to judge
The kind of judgment Jesus speaks against is bringing harsh condemnation upon our brothers and sisters, to judge them with contempt. The contemptuous judge is one who enjoys faultfinding and relishes in seeking out the failings of others.
Such an attitude ignores the reality of having received grace from God. We are deep in our sins and do not deserve God’s forgiveness. But the gospel tells us that God, who has seen our callous hearts and rotten intentions, chose to show us grace instead of judgement. How then can a Christian, who cannot see the true intentions of the heart, be qualified to take the place of God as judge? If we judge others for the sake of punishment instead of finding forgiveness, we do not understand the truth of the gospel.
Verse 2 warns us against this very attitude, that the very standards we use in bringing judgment unto others will be used against us. If we pose as judges, we cannot plead ignorance of the standards that we are administering. And the warning is this: That those who judge without grace, will in turn be judged by the True Judge of all mankind by those same standards.
The command for us to judge not is not a requirement to be blind to unrighteousness, but rather a plea to be gracious. Jesus does not tell us to stop discerning right from wrong, but to be wary of judging in a manner that spurns the grace of the gospel
What then is the right way to judge?
We are to rightly judge ourselves first
Most of the time, as we have no problem finding the faults of others, we turn on our high-powered-character-microscopes and become very sensitive to their character flaws. So what Jesus teaches his disciples to do is to turn those high-powered microscopes on ourselves first. The first step in “right judging” is that we need to examine ourselves before we start judging others.
Jesus uses the ridiculous imagery of having a log stuck in the eye of the person who is trying to remove a small speck in the eye of another. The imagery of having a log stuck in our eyes shows us that it is glaringly obvious that there is something wrong with us, but we ignore it. We may be very sharp when it comes to finding out the faults of others, but when it comes to our own faults, we tend to give ourselves a free pass. We have a tendency to exaggerate the faults of others and minimize the significance of our own sins. We become accustomed to our own excuses and refuse to see what seems so glaringly obvious to others.
Instead, we should apply to ourselves the same strict and critical standard that we apply on others. Jesus is not condemning criticism as a whole, but He condemns it when we are critical of others when we exercise no comparable self-criticism, or when we use different standards in judging ourselves from others.
When we exercise self-examination before bringing criticism, not only would we be able to see our own shortcomings, but also how graciously God has dealt with us. We would then be able to help our brothers in error with humility and gentleness. Having firsthand experience in removing the log from our own eye, we know what it takes to remove the speck from his.
We are to discern who to bring correction to
Not everyone is grateful to be on the receiving end of criticism and correction. Proverbs 9:8 says ‘Do not reprove a scoffer, or he will hate you; reprove a wise man, and he will love you.’ There are people in this world who do not appreciate criticism and would turn around to attack you rather than humbly admitting their fault. These are the people who are described as dogs and pigs by Jesus who do not care for the ‘holy things’ or ‘pearls.’ Thus the call here is for us to be discerning when we are bringing correction to people.
Dogs and pigs are animals that the Jewish people see as unclean. Dogs are not the clean domesticated pet that we are used to, but the mongrels that scavenge through rubbish heaps in search of food. Pigs are viewed as unclean animals by the Jews. These are the people who unlike believers, have no regard for ‘holy things’ or the ‘pearls.’
Christians are not judges, but neither are we to be simpletons. If people have had plenty of opportunity to hear the truth but do not respond to it, they cast themselves in the role of ‘dogs’ and ‘pigs.’ And Jesus teaches that we should exercise our discernment in this aspect – in deciding who we are to bring the holy things and the pearls to.
Christians should also check ourselves to see if we are the dogs and pigs spoken about in this verse. Are we resistant to receiving correction from our brothers and sisters? Do we treat their advice as nothing more than thrash to be trampled into the mud? Do we then turn around and attack our brothers, turning their criticisms against them?
The gift of discernment
The ability to judge is a gift from God. It can either be a source of life, that is used to build your fellow brothers and sisters up, or it can be used to tear others down. So let us exercise our God given abilities to judge wisely, always with the aim of building each other up. May we be quick to judge ourselves, slow to judge others and be discerning in who we bring our judgments upon.
– The End –
What would Jesus say to me on Judgment Day? The very thought makes me shudder. How about you?What would Jesus say to you on Judgment Day?
Would it be “Well done, good and faithful servant…. Enter into the joy of your master.” (Matthew 25:21) Or “I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.” (v.23)? Unfortunately, Jesus will declare the latter to many professing believers, even those who “prophesied in His name, and cast out demons in His name, and do many mighty works in His name.” (v.22)
EVERYONE CALLS UPON JESUS, BUT NOT EVERYONE IS ACCEPTED BY HIM
Our church friends, you and I, all claim to be disciples of Jesus. We attend church week after week, and live the moral, goody-two-shoes life (especially on Sundays). We pray, we read the bible and most importantly, we do all of that in Jesus’ name. We do all of that, because we consider ourselves Christians.
It would be surprising to know that the false prophets did way more than what we are doing. They ‘prophesied, cast out demons and do many mighty works in His name.’ (v.22) They did all we did, and more! Consider Judas.
He was one of Jesus’ twelve disciples. He ate and drank with Jesus, followed Jesus, healed the sick, cast out demons and did many other miracles in Jesus’ name and in the presence of Jesus. But Jesus said “woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.” (Matt 26:24)
We may call God “Our Father in Heaven” – such an affectionate, respectful term that acknowledges us as part of God’s family! But these false prophets bring it to a higher level – they call God “Lord, Lord” (v.21).
With the term “Lord”, they acknowledge that God is a higher-being worthy of respect, the supernatural master and ruler over all the universe - including themselves. The repetition of “Lord” also shows their sincerity and whole-heartedness. They sincerely believed that God was their Lord!
Just like you and me, these false prophets sincerely believed that God was their Lord. Yet Jesus said to them “I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.” (v.23)
Who then will Jesus accept?
JESUS ACCEPTS THE ONE WHO DOES THE WILL OF HIS FATHER
Jesus says only those who do the will of His Father will enter into the kingdom of Heaven (v.21).
We cannot just claim to know the will of the Father, we have to actually do it. We know of many who identify themselves as Christians but do not commit to worshipping as part of a church. Even little things like being generous seem like a burden. It is obvious that these people definitely have no intention of doing the will of the Father.
On the other hand, the false prophets did many things. They prophesied, cast out demons and performed miracles! However, does our heavenly Father want us to just act correctly? The Lord said: “ This people draw near with their mouth and honor me with their lips, while their hearts are far from me, ” (Isaiah 29:13) Jesus rejected those who were so preoccupied with being religious that they have forgotten the heart of Jesus’ commands. They were hypocrites in Jesus’ eyes.
Doing the will of the Father does not mean fulfilling the Ten Commandments with a grumbling heart. Also, doing the will of the Father does not mean fulfilling the Ten Commandments thinking that we can win God over by our mighty works, this is putting faith in our works. Doing the will of the Father means complete obedience with a heart that loves God. This is demonstrated through a life of consistent private and public devotion to God.
So how would you know if you’re doing the will of the Father?
WE WILL BE RECOGNIZED BY OUR FRUITS
Jesus says the same of our being; “So, every healthy tree bears good fruit, but the diseased tree bears bad fruit.” (v.17) Every good fruit comes from a healthy tree that has been watered, fertilized with nutrients and has sunlight. It is impossible for a rotten tree to bear good fruit. Rotten trees bear bad fruit or even bear no fruit at all!
The tree here is taken to represent our being. Every man born of God will bear fruits that come from a renewed heart. A renewed heart results in repentance and continuous sanctification. Perhaps it is not obvious in a day or two, but over the course of a few years, there must be change! There will be changes to our lives - whether thirty fold, sixty fold or a hundred fold (Matthew 13:8)!
An example of good fruit bearing would be being gentle and wise in speaking to brothers and sisters as a change from running words past your mouth without consideration in the past.
Note that bad trees bear fruit as well, so it is important to examine the nature of our fruits and remember that all good fruit bearing must come from a good tree; all of the changes that we make in our lives must come from a heart that loves the Lord.
Beloved, Romans 12 calls us to be transformed by the renewal of our minds that we can discern what is the will of God, so that we can present our bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God. (Romans 12:1-2)
Jesus accepts those who do the will of His Father. In order for us to know and live out the will of God, we will have to renew our minds through understanding the teachings of God and be changed by those teachings.
How then can we know that that we are accepted by Jesus?
Ask yourself these questions –
Is your life being continuously shaped by Scripture?
Do you bear good fruit that flows from a heart that loves God?
As we think about these questions, let us read what Jesus has to say with regards to life eternal.
THE COMMAND OF JESUS
“Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. For the gate is narrow and the way is hard that leads to life, and those who find it are few.” (v.13-14)
Jesus gives us an outright command, “Enter by the narrow gate” (v.13). It is not merely a suggestion or a proposal, it is a command to all believers.
Jesus explains that eternal life is found behind a narrow gate and a hard way. This path is filled with oppression and hardship. It is the difficult life of doing the Father’s will and bearing good fruits. This is the only way to eternal life! There’s no other way.
We can think of it this way. All serious mountain climbers have the same goal – to conquer Mount Everest. Now we all know that it is not easy climbing Mount Everest; we can even say that “not easy” is an understatement! The way up to Mount Everest is filled with dangers and challenges; just imagine snowstorms and huge rocks falling on you, but it is the only way up!
And here is the encouragement – they know what lies at the end of this difficult journey. Mountain climbers can be sure that once they have passed through the dangers and challenges, what awaits them is the incomparable, fantastic view of Mount Everest that they will not exchange for anything else in the world.
Beloved, take heart and listen to our Lord Jesus.
Jesus promises that life eternal lies beyond the narrow gate and the hard way! There are no second guesses, so let us take courage and heed Jesus’ command to enter a life that seeks to do the will of the Father.
Although the path is difficult, Jesus promises that our reward will be great; we will receive rewards many times more in this life and in the age to come, eternal life (Luke 18:29-30).
Though our journey through the hard way is filled with oppression and hardship, Jesus promises that “I will never leave you nor forsake you.” (Hebrews 13:5).
Beloved, let us “Enter by the narrow gate” (v.13), and embark on a life spent doing the Father’s will and bearing good fruits. And on Judgment Day, we can be sure that Jesus will say “Well done, good and faithful servant…. Enter into the joy of your master.” (Matthew 25:21)
– The End –
Jesus’ sermon was addressed to all professing believers – both His disciples and the Pharisees. He recognised that all who profess faith in God do not necessarily submit to His authority and teachings. Jesus knew that even among His disciples, there will be those who express belief in Him, but their lives show otherwise (7:15-20).
In our previous passage, we saw that Jesus judged “believers” who did many great works as “workers of lawlessness”. (7:23) In fact, they were doing these works sincerely, calling Jesus “Lord, Lord”. But Jesus said that He never knew them, meaning that Jesus had never acknowledged them as His followers. To build on His point on Final Judgement, Jesus used house building to illustrate the difference between a true believer and a hypocritical “believer”.
Every believer is a house builder
In this parable, Jesus compared a believer’s life to a house. The house illustrates the culmination of a believer’s works and achievements. However, Jesus taught that it was not the works of a man that will be tested by the “elements” of life, but the foundation on which his works are built on. Jesus warns us that God’s Final Judgement at the end of time will test the foundations of every man’s life.
This parable is particularly addressed to believers who have continually heard the teachings of Jesus (“everyone who [continually] hears these words of mine” 7:24; 26) . So, what separates a true and wise believer from a false and foolish “believer”? It is not just about hearing and believing in what Jesus had taught, because both wise and foolish builders in the parable have been continually exposed to Jesus’ teachings. The main difference is in how Jesus’ teachings shaped how they lived their lives.
The foundation of every believer
The wise believer hears Jesus’ teachings and “puts them into practice”, meaning that he lives according to them. Jesus likened it to building a house on rock. In those days, there was no better foundation for building a house than solid rock. And as the rains, winds and floods of God’s judgement come to test the life of that wise believer, he will stand.
Jesus never suggested, much less promised, a bed of roses to those who live for His name’s sake in this life. It is when we share in Christ’s sufferings in the present that we will share in His glory in future (Rom 8:16-17). Believers are promised persecution and ridicule when they live for Jesus’ sake (5:10-11) and the need to stand before God’s Judgement at the end of time (7:22; 25; 27). But believers are also promised rewards in heaven (5:12), provision for this life (6:32), and the ability to stand in the face of God’s Judgement (7:25).
The foolish “believer” , on the other hand, hears the teachings of Jesus, but chooses instead to live according to other teachings. He lives according to secular wisdom like:
“Live for yourself because you only live once”,
“Earn more money for a good life and retirement”,
“You have to be more involved in church because
God accepts you based on your good works” ,
or “God does not want us to suffer because He loves us,
so He wants you to take care of yourself first
instead of burdening you with ‘church work’” .
Some of these worldly teachings go directly against those of Jesus’, while others are subtler in nature. All in all, Jesus considered these teachings sandy foundations. And when God’s judgement beats upon such poor and shifty foundations, the foolish man will suffer the great crumbling of his life before him.
Every believer is responsible to choose
As Jesus came to the end of His sermon, one consistent theme emerged: there are two paths laid out before every believer, and we are expected to choose. We see it in the two different gates and their respective paths (7:13-14), the two different trees with differing fruits (7:17-18), and finally the two different builders with differing choices of foundations (7:24-27).
Through these illustrations Jesus taught that true believers receive salvation from God’s Judgement and eternal life, while false believers can only look forward to destruction and being cut off from God’s kingdom forever. What consistently distinguishes the two is that true believers not only hear, but also obey Jesus’ teachings.
After teaching us about true righteousness and proper judgement, Jesus concluded His sermon and calls us to choose. Will we choose to build our lives on the authority of His teachings, or will we choose to build on the authority of the world’s teachings?
Jesus’ teachings had an authority like no other. The crowd listening to His sermon were amazed because Jesus taught with such authority (7:29). And rightly so, because Jesus did not teach based on the authority of other religious leaders, like many other teachers did that time.Instead He taught according His authority as Son of God!
God Himself has given us His Word. Shall we then take it lightly like it is just another story? If we choose to submit to the lordship and authority of Jesus Christ, we do well to consider the weight of every teaching He has given to us in Scripture . Because all Scripture is the very word of God, it is effective for building our lives upon (2 Tim 3:16-17).
Everyone who hears Scripture and builds his life upon it can be assured that he is doing the will of God the Father (7:21) andhas a strong foundation. As he continues remaining faithful to Jesus’ teachings and commands,he will stand when Christ comes again as Judge (7:25).
– The End –
Healing is a great need in the world till today. One of the most coveted prayers we hear within, and even outside the church is for physical healing, or for protection from various sicknesses.
Why does sickness exist? Why is there death in the first place? Was this an intended part of God’s design in creation?
From Genesis 3, we know that death entered the world since the disobedience of Adam and Eve. The effects of sin (whether directly or indirectly) are endless and results in corruption and suffering in all areas of life. Sin is the root of all grief, disease and brokenness – even death (Rom 6:23). As much as mankind bring new advances in medical technology, no one has yet to be able to escape suffering and eventual death.
JESUS’ AUTHORITY AND COMPASSION OVER PHYSICAL ILLNESS
In Matthew 8:1-17, Jesus reveals his authority over sickness and compassion over the needy in his earthly ministry. Matthew highlights three subjects of healing by Jesus, which seemed offensive to the Jewish readers and hearers.
#1 A Leper
Lepers are the untouchables in the society, even till today the social stigma remains. Leprosy disease is infectious and progresses into a slow death over many years for those who contract it; the skin and nerves are increasingly damaged, leading to parts of the body that begin to disfigure, rot and fall off.
Lepers were thus considered to be defiled and are separated from the religious and social life of the Israelite community. Nobody goes near a leper, in fear of becoming defiled and ostracized. The leper (v.2) however, in his desperate desire to be healed, came before Jesus and asking to be cleaned.
The leper knew that he was unworthy before the Lord, and he entrusted himself to Jesus as he came through the crowd. He knew that if Jesus is willing, he will be made clean. And so the leper persisted, despite knowing that the crowd would reject him.
In response to the leper, Jesus shocked the watching crowd, and perhaps even the leper himself, as He extended his hand with compassion to touch “the untouchable” (v.3). Yet Jesus remained undefiled by the leprosy, which also pointed to his authority over the disease. The leper was made clean by his word immediately.
#2 A Gentile
The next account is about a Gentile centurion’s servant (v.5-13). Gentiles were not considered by the Jews to be part of God’s chosen race. Socially, Jews had nothing to do with Gentiles.
Regardless, the Gentile appealed to Jesus to heal his servant. He believed that the authoritative word of Jesus, coming from God divine, holds the power to heal his slave without Jesus even having to visit his home. Jesus marveled at the Gentile’s faith (v.10-12), and said that no one in Israel, among the Jews, have such faith. Jesus also pointed out that the kingdom of God will include many from the east and west, referring to the Gentiles. His act of compassion did not depend on whether the person was a Jew or a Gentile. Jesus healed the slave back home that very moment with the authority of his word (v13).
#3 A Woman
The third account in this passage involved a woman, the mother-in-law of Jesus’ disciple, Peter. Women in those times were considered to be second-class citizens, and not well regarded compared to men in society.
According to scholars, Peter’s mother-in-law was likely down with malarial fever. When Jesus entered Peter’s home and saw her lying sick in bed, out of compassion he touched her hand and the fever left her. Again, Jesus proved himself to hold authority over the fever. His act of compassion on Peter’s mother-in-law did not depend on her gender, nor her standing in society. The moment the fever left her, she rose and began to serve him.
When evening came, after the Sabbath, Matthew recorded that Jesus continued to cast out spirits with a word and heal all the sick who came to him.
Jesus healed a leper, a gentile and a woman; the very same people that were outcasts in the eyes of the Jews. These three healings reveal Jesus’ compassion in meeting the needs of despised and rejected people. They were healed by Jesus out of his love, and not because of any inherent worth, nor merit, nor standing in society that they possessed.
Above all, we know from these accounts here thatJesus has the authority to heal all sicknesses. His words hold power in themselves to heal. With a word, he is able to cast out spirits and instantly heal serious diseases. What is more amazing is that Jesus himself remains undefiled as he ministered to the sick. He truly has full authority over all sicknesses.
JESUS’ AUTHORITY AND COMPASSION OVER SPIRITUAL ILLNESS
Matthew’s primary interest in the healing miracles is in how they revealed the mission of Jesus. In verse 17, Matthew explained that the healings performed by Jesus were to fulfill the word of God, as spoken by the prophet.
While healing was part of Jesus’ ministry, he did not come primarily to heal the physically ill. The healings performed by Jesus were meant to show a glimpse of the kingdom of God at hand, where the effects of sin will no longer be present. Before sin entered the world, sickness was not part of the original creation. The sum of all diseases, including death itself, has its roots and foundation in sin. And so, Jesus came with a mission beyond healing the physically sick – he came to give life to sinners who were spiritually dead in our transgressions!
It will do us well to remember that the ultimate mission of Jesus was not to heal every sick person in Israel, nor in the world today. In Luke 4:43, Jesus walked away from a crowd that sought healing and explained that he must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other towns also, because that was why he was sent. His mission was to point the people to himself as the Messiah whom the prophets foretold.
Jesus Christ, our Messiah, was despised and rejected by men, yet he bore the full brunt of our sins and received, on our behalf, the full wrath of God on the cross which we deserved. Jesus redeemed us from our sins to reconcile us back to his holy Father. Because of his compassion for the spiritually ill and dead, he cried out on the cross these words, “Father, forgive them for they know not what they do.” (Luke 23:34)
JESUS’ AUTHORITY OVER OUR LIVES
Christ modelled in Matthew 8 for his disciples what he wanted them to do, which is to show that the kingdom of God is at hand (Matt 10:7). Later on, Jesus sent his disciples to do the same – to heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, and cast out demons (Matt 10:8). The disciples obeyed the commands of Jesus, for they knew that he is the Messiah, the Son of God. The disciples had given up all they had to follow Jesus when He called them to be His disciples. They trusted that Jesus is Lord and holds authority over their lives and not just over illnesses.
As we observe the ministry of Jesus in showing compassion and healing the sick, we too should show compassion be it praying for the sick, or serving their needs beyond our comforts. In addition, healing, like the other spiritual gifts, is given by God for the “common good” of the church and to proclaim the coming of God’s kingdom (Gal 6:10).
So do we trust in the authority of Jesus over sickness, and over all of our lives? As believers, we are recipients of God’s grace; we have already been set free from the root of all sickness, and forgiven of all our sins! Having been redeemed from the chains of sin, we are now free to submit to the authority of our Lord through the Holy Spirit’s work in us, and to live a life that increasingly reflects Christ to the world. With this in mind, let us grow in our worship of Christ, in our compassion for the needy, and to live each day restfully under his sovereign authority.
– The End –
In the previous devotion, we have seen the miracles of healings for many, especially the social outcasts - the leper, the woman and the centurion; we know that Jesus wields authority over diseases. In this devotion, we will also see that Jesus wields authority over nature, demons and his disciples as well.
JESUS’ AUTHORITY OVER NATURE
Jesus calming the storm in Matthew v.23-27 is a well-known bible story by Christians. Jesus was on the boat with his disciples; note that several of Jesus’ disciples were fishermen. This meant that they were well trained and well equipped at sea. What a big storm it had to be for the disciples to be afraid for their lives! They thought that they were perishing! (v.25)
The disciples sounded both hopeful and despondent at the same time as they begged Jesus to save them. “Save us, Lord; we are perishing.” (v.25), they exclaimed.
They call Jesus “Lord” and asked him to save them from the storm. They believe that Jesus, their Lord has the authority and power to save them from the storm! Yet they are terrified at the thought of losing their lives!
Jesus questioned them , “Why are you afraid, O you of little faith?” Then he rose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm. And the men marveled, saying, “What sort of man is this, that even winds and sea obey him?” (v.25-27)
Jesus’ authority over nature is evident here.
JESUS’ AUTHORITY OVER DEMONS
As Jesus continues his ministry, two demon-possessed men met him and immediately cried out “What have you to do with us, O Son of God? Have you come here to torment us before the time?” (v.29)
The demons knew who Jesus was, and they knew that they will be tormented. Strangely, they did not plead for mercy, instead they plead for delay. The demons were aware of the impending wrath of God.
The demons negotiated with Jesus for a final time to allow them to possess the pigs and with a word, “Go”, Jesus demonstrated full authority over the demons and sent them to the pigs.
As we see Jesus’ authority, Jesus demands a response from all who acknowledge his authority and powers. Jesus demands that we follow him.
JESUS’ AUTHORITY OVER HIS DISCIPLES
As Jesus did miracles, great crowds followed him. But most followed him on their own terms.
There was a scribe who confidently proclaimed to Jesus that he would follow Jesus. Knowing that the scribe had a shallow understanding of “follow”, Jesus gave his response - “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.” (v.20) Jesus was showing the scribe the cost of following him which his being homeless and relying upon the mercy of others. In order to follow Jesus, the scribe must submit under Jesus’ authority.
Soon, another wanted to follow Jesus with his own a condition. The man wanted to first care for his father until his father died before following Jesus. This man wanted to follow, but not now. He thought that caring for his parents and providing burial for them is more important than following Jesus. Jesus’ response was “Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead.” (v.22) This is a metaphor; what Jesus means is for the spiritually dead to care for the spiritually dead. True disciples of Jesus submit under Jesus’ authority and instructions to follow him now.
After reading, we know that Jesus has authority over diseases, nature, demons and his disciples.
Does Jesus have complete authority over you?
How easy is it to submit to Jesus?
Do you come to Jesus with your own conditions and expectations?
– The End –